Attractions in the area

The Harman Swamp Reservation

This reserve has developed from the prevailing climatic conditions, which date back to the Ice Age.

The ground consists of gravel and sand with a top layer of peat that is approximately 1m thick. Among the many plants that are found here, some came from northern regions during the glacial period and remained after the ice sheets melted.  They thrive as they are able to survive the long cold winters from September to May, where temperatures can fall to -30C.

Across the swampy land from Harman and Prejmer, over 150 ancient and significant species have been identified including Black Bogrush (Schoenus nigricans) and Armeria (Armeria alpina - a plant of the family Plumbaginaceae) specific to the region of Burzenland. Cladium Mariscus is another glacial survivor which also occurs in Eurasia, North America, South Africa and Australia. Marsh Gentian (Swertia perennis ), Mehlprimel (Primula farinose),  Blue Grass (Sesleria coerulea) and Riding Grasses (Calamagrostis) are other plants of northern origin found at their most southern point, here in Harman. In marshy areas, The Siberian gold piston (Ligularia sibirica) is found, which is more normally prevalent only in Siberia. Varients of The Blue Moor Grass (Molinia caerulea), Broad-leaved Cotton Grass (Eriophorum latifolium ), Spring Gentian (Gentiana verna), English Sundew (Drosera anglica) and Water Hose (Utricularia vulgaris) can also be found.

In the 1960’s and 1970’s, Harman Reserve was reduced by the construction of drains. Due to extensive grazing some species have disappeared such as Bulrushes (Schoenoplectus ), Water Star (Callitriche) and Swamp Water Star (Callitriche palustris)

In Spring, one can admire The Snake's Head Fritillary (Fritillaria meleagris) a kind of tulip in full bloom:



The Lempes Hill Reservation

The Lempes hill botanical reserve is part of the original natural environment of the Brasov Depression. Due to the variety of post-glacial vegetation the area has been declared a botanical natural reserve.

On eastern slopes you will find  a species of oak named Holm (Quercus petraea ) and Field Maple (Acer campestre) covering the top of the hills. On the northern slopes, lime (Tilia parvifolia), Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), Sycamore and Maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) are more developed. On the more inclined western slopes, grow Beech trees (Fagus sylvatica) and patches of Black pine (Pinus nigra), partly alternating with the fast growing Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus). There are also plantations of black pine, and bushes and shrubs, the more remarkable of which is the Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna).  

On the southern and south eastern slopes there are the protected steppe grasslands which contain xerofile plants. Two species that are found in abundance here are the Bavarian Feather Grass (Stipa pulcherrima) and the Fescus (Festuca family of grasses). Also found are other xerofile species such as Koeleria gracilis (Poaceae family), Upright Betony (Stachys recta ), Hyancithella Leucophaea and Snake Heads (Echium). 

The meadows of the eastern slopes, comprise of pastures, Red Snake Eyes, Irises (Iris hungarica și Iris caespitosa) and wild Hyacinth, etc. On the edge of the forest are species of Spring Rusca (Adonis vernalis), Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) and Almond (Prunus dulcis), etc

Protected wildlife add to this rich flora with protected specimens such as: Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo), Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus) and Red Deer (Cervus elaphus).